Part three, the English section, will probably be of most interest to readers. Finding the main idea of the passage, via the 서울신문:
[34～35] 다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.Um, I’m fine, thank you, and you?
34. Living things naturally return to a state of balance.
When we are disturbed by forces acting on us, our inner
machinery kicks in and returns us to a balanced state of
equilibrium. Homeostasis is the word we use to describe
the ability of an organism to maintain internal equilibrium
by adjusting its physiological processes. Most of the
systems in animal and human physiology are controlled
by homeostasis. We don’t like to be off balance. We tend
to keep things in a stable condition. This system operates
at all levels. Our blood stays the same temperature.
Except for extraordinary exceptions, when people find
ways to intervene using methods more powerful than our
tendency to equilibrium, our habits, behaviors, thoughts,
and our quality of life stay pretty much the same too.
① physical balance needed for mental equilibrium
② inner mechanisms to enhance the quality of life
③ general tendency of organisms to keep equilibrium
④ major differences in animal and human physiology
⑤ biological processes resulting from habitual behaviors
The last section is an optional additional foreign-language section: German, French, Spanish, Chinese, Japanese, Russian, Arabic, and Chinese characters. Arabic is consistently the most “popular” choice.
Students say, according to the JoongAng Daily, this year's "mother of all tests" was easier than last year's. Here's last November's exam, if you'd like to compare.
Here's a post from 2009 about walking to class and watching the pre-exam festivities on test day in a Gwangju neighborhood.
Unsurprisingly, Reuters has filed its story on the country's exam preparations under "Oddly Enough", so I won't bother linking to it.